Members of Congress in the House and Senate, candidates for federal office, senior congressional staff, nominees for executive branch positions, Cabinet members, the president and vice president and Supreme Court justices are required by the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 to file annual reports disclosing their personal finances. Compliance and enforcement of this requirement is overseen by the congressional ethics committees, the ethics offices of government agencies and, in the case of executive branch officials, the U.S. Office of Government Ethics.
These disclosures include financial forms, gift and travel filings, post-employment lobbying restrictions, and more. It’s a lot of disclosure information, and oftentimes, some disclosures must be filed in person rather than online.
The following outlines the major types of information that must be reported on personal ethics disclosures, as well as if the information is publicly available online, in person, or both.
|House Report Type||Available Online or Offline?||Senate Report Type||Available Online or Offline?|
|Financial Disclosure Forms and Reports||Both||Gift and Travel Disclosure||Both|
|Gift and Travel Filings||Both||Post Employment Restrictions on Lobbying||Both|
|Foreign Travel Reports and Expenditures||Both||Lobbying Disclosure||Both|
|Post Employment Lobbying Restrictions Database||Both||Personal Financial Disclosure||Both|
|Lobbying Disclosure Filing||Both||Post Employment Negotiation Conflict Forms for Members||Both|
|Lobbying Contribution||Both||Post Employment Negotiation Conflict Forms For Staff||Both|
|Franking Commission (Mass Mailings)||Both||Political Fund Activity Designees||Both|
|Legal Expense Fund Disclosures||Offline||Foreign Travel||Both|
|Statement of Recusal Arising from Negotiations for Future Employment for Members of Congress||Offline||Campaign Financial Disclosure||Both|
|Notification of Negotiations or Agreement for Future Employment||Both||Foreign Agents Registrations Act||Both|
|Statement of Recusal Arising from Negotiations for Future Employment for Congressional Staff||Offline||Semiannual Statement of Expenditures||Both|
|Federal Election Campaign Reports||Both||Mass Mailings/Franking||Offline|
|House Ethics Committee Reports||Online||Agreements to Comply with Code of Official Conduct||Offline|
|Supervisor’s Report on Individuals who Perform Senate Services||Offline|
|Legal Defense Funds||Offline|
|Post Employment Negotiation Conflict Forms For Staff||Not Publicly Available|
You can view the complete spreadsheet containing comprehensive information on all House and Senate ethics disclosures, including what must be filed, where they can be filed, who files them, and additional requirements for filing:
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